A Displaced Awareness Perspective or DAP is an individual or organizational awareness of the impact that Factors or Tactics will have on other groups, areas, organizations, etc. When using DAP Analysis, a Current Factor is identified or a Tactic is developed, then the impact the Factor or Tactic will have on other areas is examined. If DAP is not used, then often times the Factor is examined on a local or immediate scale only, which may be inadequate, or Tactics may be developed which have an unanticipated adverse impact on other areas. Stakeholder Analysis typically focuses on Tactics and their impact, whereas DAP Analysis expands to focus on the examination of Factor impacts as well, in order to develop more comprehensive and effective Tactics.
To use the example of a printer error which while simple will illustrate the usage of DAP Analysis and the importance in defining both the scope of a Factor, as well as in the development of any Tactics in response to that Factor.
The printer is showing an error during an employee’s work. As the printer is required by the employee in order to perform their activities efficiently, this is a Current Factor which is affecting the Current Situation. DAP Analysis indicates that this Current Factor may be adversely affecting four other areas which share the same printers as you.
Now you can measure your potential Tactics. A possible Tactic would be to set up an alternate printer. This will allow a restoration of functional activities. A possible Tactical Plan may be to set up the alternate printer as well as to also introduce the paperless work tool so that the printer will no longer be required. However DAP Analysis would indicate that one of the other four areas affected cannot use the paperless tool because the program they use is incompatible with the tool. So while the Current Factor may be removed for you and three other areas through the introduction of the new paperless tool, the fourth area now cannot perform their activities since the printer has been removed. Therefore the Tactical Plan would have to be modified in order to allow all areas to resume normal activity at the lowest cost and with the least disruption. This may be to provide a smaller printer for the one area that cannot use the paperless tool, or it may require that the original printer just be replaced without the costly and disruptive introduction of the paperless tool.
The impact of Current Factors are managed more effectively when DAP Analysis is applied. The Tactics taken to address a Current Factor or improve the Current Situation might also be adjusted as a result of DAP Analysis.